Bridging the Chasm contains some of the most powerful and effective gap-bridging units. What makes them gap-bridging is not their physical composition alone; but rather, it is their tandem use and application. There are essentially three components to the units: a vocabulary list, complete with part of speech and denotations; a grammatically incorrect short story that features the same vocabulary words from the first component list; and a set of comprehension / discussion questions that focus back to the short story. When protocols are followed, these exercises are enormously effective! My students have grown tremendously over the years!